Sustainable museums

Sustainable museums

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THE museums they are among the public buildings responsible for the greatest waste of energy. Fortunately, something has changed in recent years: examples of museums that have converted to energy saving they are not missing.

L'Hermitage in St. Petersburg is an example of this, adopting the lamps ad high energy efficiency manages to save about 55 percent of electricity. In the Roman museum Exploratwo systems were installed photovoltaic which produce 40 thousand kWh of clean electricity every year. The roofs of the Vatican have photovoltaics as a welcome guest: theSala Nervi in ​​the Vatican it satisfies a quarter of the building's energy demand thanks to 2,400 photovoltaic modules installed on the roof.

In Rovereto the Mart museum has a special software for controlling the lights, saving 25% on the electricity bill. In Paris there is the Quai Branly Museum, the most important museum in the world dedicated to the primitive arts and civilizations of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas that perfectly integrates with nature.

The museum is famous for the large green wall that covers the facade facing the Seine. It is an 800 square meter plant wall with 15,000 plants of 150 different species from Japan, China, Central Europe and the United States.

There is also the concept of sustainability thanks to a system of photovoltaic panels that cover the vertical walls and roofs. The structure also has underground geothermal probes that exploit the thermal inertia of the ground to save energy for air conditioning.

A museum unique of its kind is located in Turin, the fruit museum which is located in a wing of the Palazzo degli Istituti anatomici next to the "Cesare Lombroso" Museum of Criminal Anthropology. On display it is possible to admire over a thousand “fplastic artificial belches”Modeled by Francesco Garnier Valletti at the end of the 19th century. There are 56 varieties of apricots, 9 of figs, 295 of apples, 501 of pears, 98 of peaches, 70 of plums, 6 of nectarines, 20 of plums, 44 of grapes, some quince and pomegranate and more cherries, strawberries , tangerines, oranges, lemons. There is no shortage of vegetables: 50 varieties of potatoes, some examples of turnip, beetroot, carrot, parsnip. The apotheosis of biodiversity!

And on the web?
Here is the first virtual museum of recycling; launched on the initiative of Ecolight where it is possible to virtually visit a heritage of over a hundred works created by artists who use waste materials for their creations.

Video: Roundtable 3. Modelling the future: new business models for the museums (May 2022).