Staphylococcus: what it is, symptoms and remedies

Staphylococcus: what it is, symptoms and remedies

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Of infections from staph we often hear about it, during pregnancy, but not only. It is important, however, to really know what it is, without giving oneself to medicine with the pretense of replacing the doctor if not recommending him in turn, but at least trying to understand what it is, what degree of concern to have and what to do. to get better

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus, original name "Staphylococcus aureus " since 1884, it is a Gram-positive bacterium, of the asporigenous type and belonging to the family of Staphylococcaceae, is present in the majority of adults, is immobile, does not have a noticeable capsule.

Why is it called aureus? It is easy to say. This name was given to the species we are talking about due to the fact that its crops take on a golden yellow pigmentation, it goes without saying that aureus was the best nickname. The gold color, for the record, is not magic but the result of synthesis of carotenoids, in particular of zeaxanthin, and the presence of other factors difficult to summarize in a few lines and to understand without solid medical basis. The staphylococcus aureus however, we can say that it is present at the level of the skin, the mucosa of the anterior portion of the nose and the pharynx, all areas that are very easy to infect at any time. Unfortunately.

Staphylococcus: contagion

Staphylococcal infection can be contracted through physical contact, in general, at any time, but of course the risk increases if a person has cuts or wounds and accidentally comes into contact with infected people or with surfaces contaminated by the bacterium.When we say that these spherical Gram-positive bacteria are aerobes, we mean they are able to live only in the presence of oxygen. Staphylococci can also be facultative anaerobes and this time means that they normally require oxygen, but that if necessary they can survive even in its absence.

It sounds strange but what turns out is that these microbes are normally present on the skin and in the nose of healthy individuals and causing no problems or harm, they do not create skin infections. However, they can turn into pathogens and at that point are able to trigger even very dangerous infections.

Before we talked about staphylococcus aureus, it is certainly not the only one that exists, in total for now we have identified at least thirty, all different, even if the aureus is and remains the best known, also because it is the bacterium responsible for most skin infections and not only. He is always the culprit, potential, when we contract pneumonia and bacteremia or we have health problems such as toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning, both of which can be traced back to the presence of staphylococci.

Staphylococcus: symptoms

The problem most often associated with the presence of staphylococci is that of skin infections. This involves symptoms such as skin nodules similar to pimples that swell and can be filled with pus, impetigo, complete with blisters and scabs, cellulite, with swelling and redness.

The skin is the main but not the only area affected by the infection which, especially if in severe form, can also affect other parts of the body such as the heart, blood, joints, bones, lungs.

Staphylococcus: throat

When staphylococcus does not just affect the skin, it can also infect the oral mucosa and it goes without saying that the presence of this bacterium in the nose and throat can cause tonsillitis and sore throat. Another "variant on the theme" involves, for example, the urine with the onset of cystitis, the gastrointestinal system, or, especially if the infection occurred through food.

Staphylococcus in pregnancy

One of the most common infections during pregnancy is staph aureus, the first symptoms usually appear within ten hours of infection and often concern the gastrointestinal system. We therefore speak of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps. It is easy to mistake staphylococcus for an intestinal virus, before reaching hasty conclusions it is therefore better to investigate.

There are also cases in which other more recognizable symptoms arise such as the appearance of pustules and boils on the skin or in the oral cavity, or as the already mentioned and annoying cystitis. Since we are on the subject, it should also be said that during breastfeeding this bacterium can cause mastitis, a very painful inflammation of the breast.

Staphylococcus: remedies

To resolve inflammations from staph usually it is done through antibiotic treatments or through the drainage of the infection. There are some strains that can resist this type of treatment, the treatment of the infection can become complicated and include other types of therapies often based on the use of alternative antibiotics.

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Video: MRSA Methicillin Resistant Saphylococcus Aureus - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim (May 2022).